As we near the beginning of the next legislative session, tension between the state and local governments on a number of issues is apparent.
Whether it’s the growth of the local property tax burden on Texas families and businesses, restrictive ordinances killing innovation and driving out businesses, or even who goes to the bathroom where on public and private property, state government policymakers are increasingly at odds with their locally-elected counterparts.
While this type of tension between levels of government is certainly not new, the stakes have never been higher.
To fully understand the situation, some historical context is necessary. We live in a nation with a federated government, which means that the individual states are equal governing partners with the federal government. The states created the federal government, giving it a particular and limited set of responsibilities, powers, and restrictions.
Within this structure, tensions arise, but the two are equal in power – the states are not subordinate to the federal government and the federal government is not subordinate to the states. The founders understood the friction between these two levels of government were necessary to balance the interests of the nation as a whole and the diversity and autonomy of the individual states.
But let me be crystal clear: no such equality exists between the state and its own political subdivisions. Counties, cities, and all manner of special purpose districts (which include our independent school districts) are creations of the state government. They exist at the sole discretion of the state; receive their responsibilities, powers, and restrictions from the state; and are subject to the direction of the state.
Local officials often crow that state leaders are hypocrites for pushing back against the federal government while intervening in their own affairs, but such rhetoric is hollow and disingenuous, and attempts to obscure the state’s preeminent role in governing.
Most Texans reside in what is known as a “home-rule city,” which is a municipality with a population in excess of 5,000 that has, in accordance with state law, issued a charter for self-governance. Until this charter is laid down, a municipality is considered a “general law city.” The difference is simple: a home-rule city may do anything it wants so long as it does not violate the Texas Constitution or state law, while a general law city may only do things the state expressly allows them to do.
Obviously, most of our current tension is between the state and home-rule cities, whose leaders incorrectly assert that the same liberty the state grants them later precludes them from state intervention. Again, it is clear: a home-rule city may govern its people however it sees fit unless their actions violate state law.
Therefore, a state law prohibiting sanctuary cities, or a state law preempting onerous business regulations, or a state law overriding texting-while-driving bans should never be questioned on the merits of their impact to “local control” but rather on the merits of the policies themselves.
Unfortunately, for many years Republican officeholders and candidates have fed into the myth of “local control” as an irrefutable governing rule.
However, Christine Sandefur, Executive Vice President of the Goldwater Institute, beautifully underscored the absurdity of this claim when she recently stated, “We don’t promote local control as an end in itself. We promote it as a means to achieve liberty. When it becomes destructive of those ends, when it’s in fact being oppressive, then absolutely we believe in state control.”
The government which governs least governs best, and when the political subdivisions of the state overreach, it is the responsibility of the state to intervene on behalf of its citizens.
Michael Pagano, Dean of the College of Urban Planning and Public Affairs at the University of Illinois at Chicago, was quoted in Governing magazine on the issue at hand: “States are sovereign. Local governments are not. States can impose on local governments what they wish. The policy issues change year to year, but underlying all of this is the question of how much local autonomy does the state feel it ought to tolerate?”
“Ought to tolerate.” Local control is a tool, not a rule, and it’s past time Republican state leaders stopped eschewing our rightful place as the promoters and defenders of liberty against all encroachments, even if they come from our own political subdivisions.
State Sen. Konni Burton, of Colleyville, TX, submitted this commentary for EmpowerTexans.com and Texas Scorecard.