Vote totals reflect those posted on the Texas Secretary of State website at 9:20 a.m. on 11/3/2021 with 254 of 254 counties reporting.

The unofficial results are in, and Texas voters have collectively approved all eight ballot propositions to amend the Texas Constitution.

Brief Texas Constitutional Amendment History

Since being adopted in February of 1876, the current Texas Constitution has been amended more than 500 times. This Constitution is the fifth since statehood. Since 1876, the Legislature has proposed more than 690 constitutional amendments; of those, 687 have gone before Texas voters. Only 180 proposed amendments have ever been defeated.

Proposition 1

Ballot Language: The constitutional amendment authorizing the professional sports team charitable foundations of organizations sanctioned by the Professional Rodeo Cowboys Association or the Women’s Professional Rodeo Association to conduct charitable raffles at rodeo venues.

What It Does: Designates sanctioned rodeos as professional sports teams and authorizes professional sports team charitable organizations to conduct raffles at rodeo venues.

Votes For: 1,242,625 (83.82 percent)

Votes Against: 239,783 (16.18 percent)


Proposition 2

Ballot Language: The constitutional amendment authorizing a county to finance the development or redevelopment of transportation or infrastructure in unproductive, underdeveloped, or blighted areas in the county.

What It Does: Authorizes counties to issue bonds (debt) to fund infrastructure and transportation projects in underdeveloped, unproductive, or blighted areas.

Votes For: 931,453 (63.09 percent)

Votes Against: 544,834 (36,91 percent)


Proposition 3

Ballot Language: The constitutional amendment to prohibit this state or a political subdivision of this state from prohibiting or limiting religious services of religious organizations.

What It Does: State and local governments may not enact any rules that prohibit or limit religious services by religious organizations.

Votes For: 925,447 (62.42 percent)

Votes Against: 557,093 (37.58 percent)


Proposition 4

Ballot Language: The constitutional amendment changing the eligibility requirements for a justice of the Supreme Court, a judge of the Court of Criminal Appeals, a justice of a Court of Appeals, and a district judge.

What It Does: Adds that state Supreme Court and Court of Appeals justices, as well as Court of Criminal Appeals judges, must be Texas residents at the time of election. They must have been practicing lawyers licensed in the state of Texas and/or Texas state or county court judges for at least 10 years (the current amount of experience), with no suspensions of their licenses. Requires district court judges to have eight years of Texas law practice and/or court judge experience, with no suspensions—twice the current requirement of four years of combined experience.

Votes For: 845,030 (58.78 percent)

Votes Against: 592,585 (41.22 percent)


Proposition 5

Ballot Language: The constitutional amendment providing additional powers to the State Commission on Judicial Conduct with respect to candidates for judicial office.

What It Does: Authorizes the Commission to investigate complaints and reports against candidates for state judicial office, in the same manner it does judicial officeholders.

Votes For: 852,336 (59.23 percent)

Votes Against: 586,686 (40.77 percent)


Proposition 6


Ballot Language: The constitutional amendment establishing a right for residents of certain facilities to designate an essential caregiver for in-person visitation.

What It Does: Residents of nursing, assisted living, and similar residential facilities have the right to designate an essential caregiver who may not be denied in-person visitation.

Votes For: 1,293,922 (87.87 percent)

Votes Against: 178,665 (12.13 percent)


Proposition 7

Ballot Language: The constitutional amendment to allow the surviving spouse of a person who is disabled to receive a limitation on the school district ad valorem taxes on the spouse’s residence homestead if the spouse is 55 years of age or older at the time of the person’s death.

What It Does: Extends the current homestead school tax limit for disabled individuals to surviving spouses who are at least 55 years old and reside at the home.

Votes For: 1,285,384 (87.12 percent)

Votes Against: 190,109 (12.88 percent)


Proposition 8

Ballot Language: The constitutional amendment authorizing the Legislature to provide for an exemption from ad valorem taxation of all or part of the market value of the residence homestead of the surviving spouse of a member of the armed services of the United States who is killed or fatally injured in the line of duty.

What It Does: Expands the current homestead tax exemption to include surviving spouses of service members fatally injured in the line of duty, along with those killed outright.

Votes For: 1,291,920 (87.76 percent)

Votes Against: 180,179 (12.24 percent)

Jeramy Kitchen

Jeramy Kitchen serves as the Capitol Correspondent for Texas Scorecard as well as host of 'This Week in Texas', a show previewing the week ahead in Texas politics. After managing campaigns for conservative legislators across the state, serving as Chief of Staff for multiple conservative state legislators, and serving as Legislative Director for the largest public policy think tank in Texas, Jeramy moved outside of the Austin bubble to focus on bringing transparency to the legislative process.